On April 10, 2014, the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (“FFIEC”), whose members are the FRB, FDIC, OCC, NCUA, CFPB and the State Liaison Committee (the “Financial Regulators”), issued an alert (the “Alert”) to financial institutions stating that the Financial Regulators expect institutions “to incorporate patches on systems and services, applications and appliances using OpenSSL and upgrade systems as soon as possible to address” the so-called “Heartbleed Vulnerability,” which is a widely-reported material security vulnerability that may have affected some banks’ computer networks. Open SSL, stated the Alert, “is an open-source implementation of the Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocols commonly used to protect data in transit.” The Alert reported that the Heartbleed Vulnerability has existed since December 31, 2011 and may have allowed hackers “to access the private ‘keys’ to banks’ servers, allowing them to decrypt and view sensitive information.” Specifically, the Alert states that financial institutions should take the following steps, as appropriate:
- Ensure that third party vendors that use OpenSSL on their systems are aware of the vulnerability and take appropriate risk mitigation steps;
- Monitor the status of their vendors’ efforts;
- Identify and upgrade vulnerable internal systems and services; and
- Follow appropriate patch management practices and test to ensure a secure configuration.