On August 28, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) approved the Department of Labor’s (DOL) proposal of an 18-month delay of key provisions of the DOL’s Fiduciary Rule, relating to the best interest contract exemption, the class exemption for principal transactions and the prohibited transactions exemption 84-24. The OMB noted that it had completed its review of the proposal and listed its concluded action as “consistent with change,” meaning that the OMB generally agreed with the intent of the rule but made some changes. There were no further details about the OMB’s changes. The rule now goes back to the DOL, which published the proposed rule in the Federal Register on August 31, 2017, with a 15-day public comment period.
On August 25, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, and Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (Agencies) published in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking (Transitions NPR) seeking public comment on a proposal that would impact certain regulatory capital rules adopted by the Agencies in 2013 (2013 Rules). Comments on the Transitions NPR must be received by September 25, 2017. The 2013 Rules strengthened the capital requirements applicable to banking organizations supervised by the Agencies, inter alia, by limiting the amount of capital issued by a consolidated subsidiary and not owned by the banking organization that counts toward regulatory capital and by limiting the amounts of mortgage servicing assets, deferred tax assets arising from temporary differences that could not be realized through net operating loss carrybacks, and certain investments in the capital of unconsolidated financial institutions that are deductible from regulatory capital. The 2013 Rules included transition provisions phasing in such capital requirements over time. In response to concerns raised about the 2013 Rules, the Agencies are evaluating simplifications to the 2013 Rules and anticipate publishing a future notice of proposed rulemaking seeking public comment on such simplifications (Simplifications NPR). While the Simplifications NPR is pending, this Transitions NPR proposes to extend for non-advanced approaches banking organizations certain 2017 transition provisions, currently in effect under the 2013 Rules, which would otherwise become fully effective on January 1, 2018, as described in the Transitions NPR. The Transitions NPR would not apply to advanced approaches banking organizations, which would continue to apply the 2013 Rules and their transition provisions.
On August 21, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) issued Bulletin 2017-28, providing risk management guidance to lenders offering residential mortgage loans with loan-to-value (LTV) ratios that exceed 100 percent at origination (“high-LTV loans”) in connection with community redevelopment programs. View the LenderLaw Watch blog post.
On August 31, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) announced that Dalia Blass, a securities attorney and former SEC staff member, has been named Director of the agency’s Division of Investment Management. The SEC’s Division of Investment Management is responsible for oversight and regulation of the nation’s multi-trillion dollar investment management industry. The Division is responsible for the SEC’s regulation of investment companies, variable insurance products, and federally registered investment advisers. Ms. Blass returns to the SEC after previously serving in a number of leadership roles in the Division of Investment Management, most recently as Assistant Chief Counsel.
The UK Government and the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) have decided to replace the existing Approved Persons Regime with a new Senior Managers and Certification Regime. This will have significant implications for all UK authorized firms. For more information, please read the client alert issued by Goodwin’s Private Investment Funds practice.
As a result of upcoming increases in securities registration fee rates applicable to mutual funds, funds with fiscal year ends of July or August and net sales should consider accelerating their annual Rule 24f-2 filings. For more information, please read the client alert issued by Goodwin’s Financial Industry and Investment Management practices.
On August 29, the SEC issued an Investor Alert warning investors about companies asserting they are engaging in an ICO, when in fact it is a scam. Specifically, “The SEC’s Office of Investor Education and Advocacy is warning investors about potential scams involving stock of companies claiming to be related to, or asserting they are engaging in, ICOs. Fraudsters often try to use the lure of new and emerging technologies to convince potential victims to invest their money in scams. These frauds include “pump-and-dump” and market manipulation schemes involving publicly traded companies that claim to provide exposure to these new technologies.” View the Digital Currency and Blockchain Perspectives blog post.
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is seeking to delay the implementation of its recently adopted dividend notification requirements until no later than February 1, 2018. For more information, read the client alert issued by Goodwin’s Public Companies and REITs and Real Estate M&A practices.
Enforcement & Litigation
On September 6, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) announced that it had entered into a consent order with a lead aggregator over claims the aggregator steered consumers toward lenders who offered installment or payday loans that were illegal in consumers’ states. The consent order claimed that the aggregator sold loan applications to lenders who had no legal right to collect on those loans in some consumers’ states. The CFPB alleged that the sale of these loans violated Section 1031(d) and 1036(a)(1)(B) of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 (CFPA), 12 U.S.C. §§ 5531(d)(2)(A), 5536(a)(1)(B), as the manner in which the loans were sold prevented consumers from understanding the risks, costs, or conditions of the loans they were offered. The CFPB further alleged that the aggregator “knows or has reason to believe that the Leads it sells are likely to result in loans with interest rates that exceed state usury limits or otherwise fails to comply with laws of the state where the consumer is located.” View the Enforcement Watch blog post.
On August 24, the Eleventh Circuit affirmed the Northern District of Georgia’s dismissal of a putative Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) case against Equifax and Transunion. In Pedro v. Equifax, Inc., plaintiff sought to represent a putative class of authorized users of delinquent credit cards who did not have payment obligations on those credit cards but whose credit reports included information about the delinquency. The court held that dismissal was appropriate because defendants’ interpretation of the FCRA was objectively reasonable. Pedro provides important guidance for defendants facing FCRA cases as well as those examining their FCRA compliance procedures. View the LenderLaw Watch blog post.
On August 30, the CFPB announced that it had filed a stipulated proposed final judgment in the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California in a case against a California-based credit repair company. The lawsuit, which was initially filed in September 2016, alleges that the credit repair company (1) charged illegal advance fees to consumers; (2) misled consumers about the cost and effectiveness of its service; and (3) misled consumers about its “money back guarantee.” The CFPB alleged that these practices violated sections 1031(a), 1036(a), and 1054(a) of the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 (CFPA), 12 U.S.C. §§ 5531(a), 5536(a), 5564(a), and the Telemarketing and Consumer Fraud and Abuse Prevention Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 6101-6108, and its implementing regulation, the Telemarketing Sales Rule (TSR), 16 C.F.R. Part 310. The credit repair company allegedly charged over 50,000 consumers a total of over $20 million for credit repair services, returning only $1.5 million in refunds. View the Enforcement Watch blog post.
On August 24, the Attorney General for the District of Columbia (D.C. AG) announced that his office won a judgment in the D.C. Superior Court against a debt relief provider and its owners. The D.C. AG alleged that the defendants unlawfully marketed student debt relief services to D.C. consumers. The court found that the company misrepresented its services by suggesting that it was affiliated with the federal government and unlawfully charged upfront fees for its services. View the Enforcement Watch blog post.
On August 23, Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey announced that her office had sued one of the nation’s largest federal student loan servicers, alleging that the servicer deprived public servants of relief under the Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program (PSLF), a federal student loan forgiveness program that forgives loans of borrowers that hold public service positions after making 120 qualifying monthly loan payments. The complaint was filed in Suffolk County Superior Court. View the Enforcement Watch blog post.
On August 15, the Northern District of Illinois denied class certification to a proposed Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) class in Legg v. PTZ Insurance Agency Ltd., No. 14 C 10043. The court held that, because some of the named plaintiffs consented to receive communications from the defendants, they could not show concrete injury under Spokeo. The court denied class certification because the question about whether class members consented to receive communications was too individualized to decide at the class level. Legg has strategic implications about how Spokeo can be used to defeat certification in other TCPA putative class actions. View the LenderLaw Watch blog post.
Protostarr, a blockchain-based startup, has shut down its decentralized application and refunded its initial coin offering (ICO) participants following a request for information from the SEC. According to the company, on August 24, the SEC contacted Protostarr and asked the company to “volunteer a bunch of information” in relation to their recent ICO that raised $47,000 last month. In response to the SEC’s contact, Protostarr announced that “[a]fter consultation with multiple lawyers, we have decided to cease further operations and refund Ethereum collected in our crowdsale.” This appears to be the first known “action” by the SEC following the release of its investigational report into The DAO, issued on July 25, 2017, along with the SEC’s guidance on token sales. In the report, the SEC concluded that the DAO’s tokens were of a character as to fall under the definition of a security under current law. The SEC’s action against Protostarr seems consistent with its July 25, 2017, guidance. View the Digital Currency and Blockchain Perspectives blog post.
The Mortgage Bankers Association brings together inside and outside counsel, compliance officers, company executives, government relations professionals, policy directors and quality assurance professionals to discuss current topics impacting the mortgage industry’s regulatory environment for this three-day conference. Goodwin is a sponsor. For additional information, please visit the event website.
Over the past few years, across the globe, there has been unprecedented growth and innovation in online lending. In the U.S., this industry is committed to working with regulators to create an appropriate framework to foster responsible innovation in online lending. The Online Lending Policy Summit will bring together thought leaders from the private and public sectors to continue the constructive dialogue that has begun between the industry and the various regulatory agencies. Goodwin is a sponsor. For additional information, please visit the event website.
The nomination period is open for the Expert Institute’s Best Legal Blog Contest, where legal blog fans can nominate their favorite blogs and bloggers. If you’re a fan of our LenderLaw Watch, Enforcement Watch or Digital Currency and Blockchain Perspectives blogs, please nominate your favorites for consideration in the voting round of this contest. Nominations are accepted through September 15.